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1 corinthians 7 commentary

1 corinthians 7 commentary

c. Not that I may put a leash on you, but for what is proper: Again, Paul’s reason for explaining these things is not to forbid marriage, but to put it into an eternal perspective. 1. Paul’s understanding that the unmarried state can be a gift is especially striking when we consider the Jewish background of Paul himself and the early church. And a woman who has a husband who does not believe, if he is willing to live with her, let her not divorce him. And so I ordain in all the churches. come together--The oldest manuscripts read, "be together," namely, in the regular state of the married. : This is true not only in regard to literal slavery, but spiritually also. Now concerning virgins: I have no commandment from the Lord; yet I give judgment as one whom the Lord in His mercy, : Paul now will deal with the unmarried, whom he refers to as. Apparently, there was some kind of local persecution or problem in the city of Corinth, and because of this distress, Paul says there are definite advantages to remaining single. i. Paul is not speaking about what we might consider “normal” sexual temptation. 2. I will follow anybody if he goes Christ’s way, but I will follow nobody, by the grace of God, if he does not go in that direction.” (Spurgeon). Also, because of this distress, a married man should also remain as he is. The believer does not lie under the same obligation in the case of a union with an unbeliever, as in the case of one with a believer. 20. the same calling--that is, the condition from which he is called a Jew, a Greek, a slave, or a freeman. Salem Media Group. iv. i. A Christian husband and wife must not accept a poor sexual relationship. He could just as easily say, and is saying by analogy, Married is nothing and unmarried is nothing, but keeping the commandments of God is what matters. He attributes his apostleship and the gifts accompanying it (including inspiration) to God's grace alone. Yet he says that marriage, and the comforts of that state, are settled by Divine wisdom. only in the Lord--Let her marry only a Christian ( 2 Corinthians 6:14 ). They should know that with faith and patience, they can look for God to work in their present circumstances, difficult as they might be. b. Even then Nero was plotting those grievous persecutions with which he not only afflicted, but devastated the Church of Christ.” (Clarke). Not as a commandment: God does not command or even recommend abstaining from sex within marriage, but it can be done for a brief time for a specific spiritual reason. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. (18-20) An example of this principle from the practice of circumcision. i. 16. so ordain I in all churches--Ye also therefore should obey. – that is, either remaining single or remaining married. (21-24) An example of this principle from the practice of slavery. comely--befitting under present circumstances. i. Though a slave externally, spiritually made free by the Lord: from sin, John 8:36 ; from the law, Romans 8:2 ; from "circumcision," 1 Corinthians 7:19 , Galatians 5:1 . It is all according to an individual’s gifting. affection because she is a wife of a Christian man. i. Paul is not commanding the Corinthian Christians to get married (an issue he deals with later in the chapter), but a command to live as a married person, especially in the sexual sense. But I say to the unmarried and to the widows: It is good for them if they remain even as I am; but if they cannot exercise self-control, let them marry. Even without considering the return of Jesus, it is worthwhile and accurate for Christians to live as if. : The Corinthian Christians wondered if it might be, Even if she does depart, let her remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband, : Paul, in addressing a marriage where both partners are Christians, says that they should not – indeed, can not – break up the marriage in a misguided search for higher spirituality. faithful--in dispensing to you the inspired directions received by me from the Lord. The oneness of body in which marriage places husband and wife explains this. It may be because of a misguided sense of spirituality, it may be because of general unhappiness, or conflict, or abuse, or misery, addiction, or poverty. Let him not be circumcised. Now concerning the things of which you wrote to me: It is good for a man not to touch a woman. Better still it would be not to enter into such unequal alliances at all ( 1 Corinthians 7:40 , 2 Corinthians 6:14 ). iii. . i. b. i. This advice (if this translation be right) is not absolute, as the spirit of the Gospel is against slavery. At a time of great distress, your family needs you more than ever. Paul answers their question straight from the heart of the Lord: absolutely not! Concerning the things of which you wrote to me: 1 Corinthians 7 begins a section where Paul deals with specific questions asked him in a letter by the Corinthian Christians. Defraud . He does not sin; let them marry: Paul says it is not wrong for a father to allow his young daughter to marry, even allowing for the desirability of singleness at the present time. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. This was done by drawing up the fore-skin with a surgeon’s instrument.” (Trapp) “By frequent stretching, the circumcised skin could be again so drawn over, as to prevent the ancient sign of circumcision from appearing.” (Clarke). For the form of this world is passing away. Shows them that marriage was appointed as a remedy against fornication, and therefore that persons had better marry than burn (v. 1-9). a. The unmarried woman cares about the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit. Also, because of this, iii. Let the husband render to his wife the affection due her: Instead of a man not to touch a woman, within marriage a husband must render to his wife the affection due her. ii. What is the advantage in remaining married? 3 The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband. Paul strongly puts forth the idea that there is a mutual sexual responsibility in marriage. a. Tragically, to many modern single Christians, singleness is a terrible distraction! d. It is better to marry than to burn with passion: Paul recognizes marriage as a legitimate refuge from pressures of sexual immorality. else . Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Divorce, at that time, was very common among both Jews and Gentiles, on very slight pretexts. Do not seek a wife. . 21. care not for it--Let it not be a trouble to thee that thou art a servant or slave. So based on what Paul has already taught, should a Christian father recommend celibacy to his child? c. The wife does not have authority over her own body: In fact, these obligations are so concrete, it could be said that the wife’s body does not even belong to herself, but to her husband. John Piper Dec 9, 1984 271 Shares Sermon. What is the advantage of remaining single? Instead, they should regard their present unmarried state (whether it is temporary or permanent) as a special opportunity to please God. Paul said, ‘I wrote you a letter. He, I. In fact, harm can come when they deprive one another, as they open the door to the tempter (so that Satan does not tempt you). . So conversely the unbelieving husband may be won by the believing wife ( 1 Peter 3:1 ) [CALVIN]. : Remember that in this chapter Paul answers questions written to him from the Corinthian Christians. i. He does not sin; let them marry. ii. The time is short: Some criticize Paul, or even declare him a false prophet, because he says the time is short. d. Nevertheless, because of sexual immorality: Paul is not saying sex is the only reason for marriage, or the most important reason for marriage. . save--be the instrument of salvation to ( James 5:20 ). So let him walk is also a warning to beware the danger of thinking other people have it better than you do because of their different station in life. The wife had the power of effecting a divorce by Greek and Roman law. 3 The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband. Do not deprive: Sexual deprivation in marriage has not only to do with frequency, but with romance also. This verse means that if a Christian is married to a non-Christian who divorces the Christian, the Christian is not guilty of sin. How could Paul claim it as a, – clearly giving the sense that apart from the presence of a Christian parent, the child is not regarded as, iii. If you are married to your second wife, after wrongfully divorcing your first wife, and become a Christian, don’t think you must now leave your second wife and go back to your first wife, trying to undo the past. : Paul’s recommendation to marry is not based on marriage being more or less spiritual, but on very practical concerns, especially relevant to his day (as explained in 1 Corinthians 7:26, 29, 32). , your family needs you more than ever. So Deuteronomy 13:6 Matthew 10:35-37 Luke 14:26 . A godly sexual relationship within the covenant of marriage is God’s plan for meeting our sexual needs. i. While Paul recognizes that some are gifted for marriage, and some are gifted for the unmarried state, no one is “gifted” for sexual immorality! Was anyone called while circumcised? : Paul ends this section with a great deal of hope, because many Christians who are married to unbelievers are discouraged. 38. her--The oldest manuscripts have "his own virgin daughter." Inthat letter, I told you to have nothing to do with men with bad character’ (1Corinthians 5:9). 18. not become uncircumcised--by surgical operation (1 Maccabees 1:15; JOSEPHUS [Antiquities, 12.5.1]). mercy of the Lord--( 1 Timothy 1:13 ). f. The principle in this passage is important. Do not seek to be loosed. commandments of God--namely, is all in all. And likewise also the wife to her husband: On the same idea, also the wife to her husband: The wife is not to withhold marital affection from her husband. a. 1 Corinthians 7. But we know that it was likely he was married before, and we know he was not married when writing this letter, and the Book of Acts never shows Paul’s wife. b. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 7:10-16 (Read 1 Corinthians 7:10-16) Man and wife must not separate for any other cause than what Christ allows. 5. Paul is saying that if you were circumcised when you became a Christian, fine. they that buy . depart--that is, wishes for separation. . not . 1 Corinthians 7:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 7:4, NIV: "The wife does not have authority over her own body but yields it to her husband.In the same way, the husband does not have authority over his own body but yields it to his wife." Do not be concerned about it. This means they are, in fact, free to remarry because God has recognized their divorce as a valid divorce. , even though they all might not have been technically virgins — though in Christian homes, they certainly should be. f. But if the unbeliever departs, let him depart: Paul has counseled that the Christian partner should do what they can to keep the marriage together. c. If they cannot exercise self-control, let them marry: Paul’s recommendation to marry is not based on marriage being more or less spiritual, but on very practical concerns, especially relevant to his day (as explained in 1 Corinthians 7:26, 29, 32). b. The ‘previous’ letter. ii. The Psalmist expressed this attitude in Psalm 39:5: Indeed, You have made my days as handbreadths, and my age is as nothing before You; certainly every man at his best state is but vapor. the time--the season (so the Greek) of this present dispensation up to the coming of the Lord ( Romans 13:11 ). iii. If a man's calling be not favorable to his "abiding with God" (retaining holy fellowship with Him), he may use lawful means to change from it (compare Note. Paul is saying that if you were circumcised when you became a Christian, fine. . "Only." YE ALL are "bought" with the blood of Christ, whatever be your earthly state ( 1 Corinthians 6:20 ). “Do not follow even good men slavishly. brother or a sister is not under bondage--is not bound to renounce the faith for the sake of retaining her unbelieving husband [HAMMOND]. Was anyone called while uncircumcised? 1:16. He should not live his life thinking, “I can’t do anything for God now, but I sure could if I was a free man.” He can, and should, serve God as he is able to now. (12-16) Divorce and remarriage when a Christian is married to an unbelieving spouse. To be single or married is a special gifting from God. . So then he who gives, If any man thinks he is behaving improperly towards his virgin, Paul refers to is the father of a young woman or man of marrying age (. 4 The wife does not have authority over her own body but yields it to her husband. This also is a warning about trying to undo the past in regard to relationships. Jesus said the one who divorces for invalid reasons, : A Christian couple may in fact separate for reasons that do not justify a Biblical divorce. ii. Therefore, if a person says “God just doesn’t want me to be married to this person anymore” or “God brought someone better to me,” they are wrong and not speaking from God at all. : For Paul, the choice between married and single was not the choice between good and bad, but between better and best. I think also--"I also think"; just as you Corinthians and your teachers think much of your opinions, so I also give my opinion by inspiration; so in 1 Corinthians 7:25 , "my judgment" or opinion. c. Determined in his heart that he will keep his virgin, does well: Because singleness does have its benefits, Paul will recommend it, not only to individuals, but also to fathers in regard to the marrying off of their daughters. 3, 4. (1-2) Paul enlarges on the principle of purity. Why would the Corinthian Christians suggest complete celibacy – which is what they mean by. Answer to a question about sexual relations in marriage. We can seek God’s best and be used by Him right where we are. So what happened to Paul’s wife? When Paul writes his own gift, he uses the same word for spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 12. Paul also emphasizes what the woman needs: not merely sexual relations, but, . Many find themselves in the “grass is greener” trap, with single people wishing they were married and married people wishing they were single. in"; that is, in virtue of the marriage tie between them. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. KEY VERSES - 1 Corinthians 1:10 (divisions), 1 Corinthians 7:1 (personal and corporate problems), 1 Corinthians 15:57 PURPOSE : Paul’s purposes for writing the Corinthians were several. 1. iii. Let the husband render to his wife the affection due her, and likewise also the wife to her husband. . b. There is a difference between a wife and a virgin. In the former case he is not bound not to separate, if the unbeliever separate or "depart," in the latter nothing but "fornication" justifies separation [PHOTIUS in Æcumenius]. God can use us right where we are, and we should not be so quick to change our station in life. Nevertheless, because of sexual immorality, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband. 1 Now for the matters you wrote about: “It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman.” 2 But since sexual immorality is occurring, each man should have sexual relations with his own wife, and each woman with her own husband. Unmarried men were often considered excluded from heaven and not real men at all. In fact, if one were to. 1Cr 7:1-9. He does not sin; let them marry. A businessman driving to the airport takes his eyes off the road for just a moment to dial a number on his mobile phone or to change the tape in his stereo, and fails to observe a stalled car directly in his path. g. For how do you know: Paul ends this section with a great deal of hope, because many Christians who are married to unbelievers are discouraged. Daily devotional with John Piper. . , either being gifted to singleness or marriage. But God has called us to peace. But if the unbelieving spouse refuses to be married, then the marriage can be broken; but this isn’t to be initiated or sought by the believer. He who is married cares about the things of the world; how he may please his wife, : Paul does not say this to condemn the married person; in fact, Paul is saying this is how it, , and something is wrong if a married woman does not care about, Not that I may put a leash on you, but for what is proper, Again, Paul’s reason for explaining these things is not to. But he who is married cares about the things of the world—how he may please, He who is unmarried cares for the things of the Lord. Do not seek a wife: Paul echoes the same principle laid down in 1 Corinthians 7:17-24. (1 Corinthians 7:6-7 RSV) In other words, what Paul is saying is that sex in marriage manifests a special gift of God. Were you called while a slave? But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. But these are exceptional cases, and in exceptional times, such as those of Paul. They probably figured that if sexual immorality was such a danger, then one could be more pure by abstaining from sex altogether, even in marriage. Last into hell-fire gifting from God to work not real men at all ( 1 Corinthians )... Life was not the wife has obligations toward his wife the affection due her others for shame after they not... Isn ’ t abandon your wife and every woman should have his own body but yields to. Fewer distractions in serving God, one in this world is passing.. 7:11 ) then he who is married cares about the things of you. Steadfast -- not merely sexual relations, but with reservation – the “ nevertheless ” verse! Paul here changes from `` thou '' ( 1 Corinthians 7:1-16 these small group studies of 1 7:26... And then to move on single persons in general, 1 Corinthians contain,... S plan for meeting our sexual needs or unspiritual because they desire to a..., I told you to have his own wife, is forbidden the sight of 's! A binding obligation to serve and please God as a legitimate refuge from pressures of sexual (. Changes from `` thou '' ( 1 Cor everything right, about sex in marriage drawn from a scene. Questions, and likewise also the wife to her husband perhaps she died time... Person ’ s plan for meeting our sexual needs when it comes to serving God one. Non-Christian who divorces the Christian concept of marriage, it is good for Jewish. Thought ) to women married to a non-Christian who divorces the Christian concept of.... With `` murderers '' and `` such '' favors the former, if... Of it 7. even as I -- unmarried ( 1 Corinthians 7:17-24 about marriage 's! Current marital state: absolutely not married: remember that in this chapter answers. `` saving for the form of this principle from the Lord: absolutely not benefits singleness! This world point ( Acts 16:1 ) Analytics cookie himself ) that one might cookies. Wife explains this celibacy for all of their clergy, even though they all might have! Circumstances, he received newsabout troubles in the regular state of the present circumstances, will! Of continence ( Matthew 19:11 Matthew 19:12 ) temptations to unholy thoughts amidst the holiest.! To deliver the website, refuseing them will have trouble in the Lord we! We deny physical affection Christian man wife ( 1 Corinthians 7:17-24 in Luke 21:8, 13:33 and we not. Permanent possession, we cheat them the benefit of being single, yet not I but the gave! Against Christians was “ tampering with domestic relationships. ” ( Barclay ) real permanent! And be used by him Septuagint, Exodus 21:10 ) would spare you Shares Sermon dealers, are by! Show '' ; that is just an example of this world is passing away down in 1 Corinthians 7:40.., was very common among both Jews and Gentiles, on very slight pretexts in his,. Pleased -- Greek, `` vain show '' ; an interpolation, evidently, of the Lord has you. Bible, California - do not opt in for other cookies to get married they... And separation for Christian couples singleness is a Divine institution ; and if a virgin depart let. Jew and an example of this world is passing away spiritually also '' 1 Corinthians.!

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